Scale Stop Plus®
Scale Stop Plus® does not require chemicals such as sodium, potassium, acids or phosphates to produce a scale free effect in water distributions systems and especially water heating equipment. Scale Stop Plus® is a far simpler “physical water treatment” and does not extract or sequester the water hardness constituents of calcium and magnesium, but rather consistently influences the crystal structures of these minerals in such a manner that no scale is formed on interior surfaces. Scale Stop Plus® neither adds chemicals nor removes chemicals from the water. To be more specific, rather than attempting to prevent the natural tendency of hard water to form scale (by removing or adding chemicals), Scale Stop Plus® treatment actually promotes and redirects scale formation in such a manner that the scale remains suspended in the water rather than forming on surfaces within the water system.
How Does Scale Stop Plus® Work?
In cold water, calcium ions (Ca2+), magnesium ions (Mg+2) and bicarbonate ions (HCO3-) are surrounded by “layers” of electrochemically-attracted water molecules, which “insulate” against the natural tendency of the oppositely-charged ions to come together and form crystals. Atomic level templates on the surface of the Scale Stop Plus® media act as catalysts and reduce the ability of water molecules to prevent calcium, magnesium and bicarbonate ions from coming together to form crystals of calcium and magnesium scale. This process that we refer to as Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC) results in the creation of microscopic crystals of scale (seed crystals), which rapidly form in the treated water, not on the contact surfaces of the water system, and are carried downstream in colloidal suspension through the water system.
In untreated water, the scale forms on the inside walls of pipe, exterior of fixtures and all heating surfaces.
In ScaleStop treated water, the seed crystals themselves provide a far greater surface area for new scale formation. Therefore, new scale preferentially deposits on this continuously replenished stream of suspended crystals rather than on the water contact surfaces – especially those surfaces that are at elevated temperatures.
Since scale formation is not static (it is constantly forming and dissolving),the existence of continuously generated seed crystals not only eliminates further deposition of scale on water contact surfaces, but in fact will cause deposited scale to gradually dissolve back into the water and deposit on passing seed crystals in the water (from contact surfaces to solution to seed crystals).
Atomic sized nucleation sites on the surface of small polymer beads convert dissolved hardness into microscopic crystals.
Once the Crystals grow up to a certain size they are released from the bead. The crystals in solution keep the hardness out of the water so that it can’t form scale or interfere with soap.
Scale Stop Plus®
The calcium and magnesium removed by traditional salt-using softeners are essential nutrients, while the sodium added is suspected to aggravate certain cardiovascular health problems and contribute to weight gain.
Scale Stop Plus® systems do not add anything or remove anything from the water, retaining the important naturally occurring minerals, especially calcium and magnesium.
Salt-using softeners must be regularly recharged by adding more salt and back-flushing with fresh water, which is costly, inconvenient, corrosive to pipes and water heaters, harmful to the environment and wasteful of a precious resource.